Water Conservation: Meaning, Importance, Methods

The meaning of water conservation.

According to wikipediaWater conservation includes all the policies, strategies and activities to sustainably manage the natural resource of fresh water, to protect the hydrosphere, and to meet the current and future human demand.”

When we conserve water, then, we store water and do not waste it or use it ill advisedly. Water conservation is a very important topic in the present day. With many communities world wide suffering devastating droughts whilst others gleefully turn a hosepipe on to their gardens every day during summer, it is clear that we need to adopt fairer and more efficient water management practices.

This article will now explain the importance of water conservation to society and the methods that we have available to us for conserving water effectively.

The importance of water conservation.

Water conservation is fundamentally important to all of our lives. Here are just 5 reasons why this is the case:

1. Drinking: you may already have heard that humans can survive for several weeks without food. However, they cannot survive for more than a few days without water. Water is absolutely vital for keeping us alive, and so it is crucial that we conserve enough water for everybody on the planet.

2. Hygiene: water is so important for good hygiene practices, whether we are rinsing our food before eating it, using it to wash our bodies, or washing our homes. We need to conserve enough water so that we can help to keep ourselves free from disease and infection.

3. Agriculture: from irrigating crops to feeding animals, water is so important to agriculture. We need to conserve water well so that we can continue to grow all of the food that everybody on earth needs to survive. It is totally possible to do this, as long as we follow both efficient and eco friendly agricultural practices and we concentrate on conserving water in a responsible way.

4. Animal habitats: all life on earth depends on the presence of water in some shape or form. Depleting our water reserves thus also means destroying the habitats of many of earth’s precious species and even driving them to extinction. In addition, many animal species are adapted to living in very specific types of water, for example water with very particular levels of salinity or levels of other chemicals, and water of a particular depth, tidal properties, and temperature. As such, we need to conserve all types of watery habitat on behalf of the species that we share the earth with – not just one.

5. Water supplies are finite: you might look out to the vast ocean and think that our supplies of water are equally vast. However potable (i.e. drinkable) water, and water that is safe for washing in are much smaller. The salty ocean is not suitable for drinking, for example. Our supplies of fresh water are finite and so must be looked after carefully.

Methods of water conservation.

Human beings have a history of not looking after our planet’s water supplies. We have wasted water and contaminated the valuable water that we do have. Here are 6 methods of water conservation that we can use to ensure that we start to use water more wisely from now on. Many of them can be practiced by you right now at home.

1. Stopping pollution: air, land, and water pollution can all ultimately contaminate our water. If we stop burning fossil fuels, cease using so many fertilisers and insecticides, and dispose of our waste in an eco friendly way, we will help to keep our water fresh and healthy.

2. Using less water in the first place: do not keep the shower running, do not use a hosepipe on your garden, and consider the amount of water that you use when cooking. Take into account the fact that water is also used to manufacture many goods, including plastics – this means that you can cut down on the amount of water that you use simply by buying fewer things.

3. Manage water properly: we can make sure that everybody has enough water by upgrading our municipal water systems and ensuring that they run efficiently.

4. Stop the greenhouse effect: climate change is causing our once pretty stable water systems to become erratic. Once fertile water sources dry up, dams burst, and brackish wells that were almost potable become too salty and acidic for use. If we stop burning fossil fuels, we can halt the greenhouse effect in its tracks and hopefully reverse it before it is too late.

5. Save rainwater water : use a water butt or a similar container to catch rainwater as it falls. Though it cannot be used for drinking or cooking with unless it is filtered, sterilized or made fit for human consumption, it can be used for many other useful things. For example, it can be used to wash your car with or to water your plants. This also means that you do not turn on the tap and wastefully use precious clean drinking water for purposes that rainwater could be used for.


Start conserving water today. Get started today by following the water conservation methods and tips above. But remember, it is only through collective action that we will really make a difference. Set a good example to others by following the methods detailed above, but try and get others involved too. NGOs and many municipal authorities are already doing good work for water conservation, but governments and big brands need to get on board too.