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Short Essay on Monsoon (Rainy Season)

Introduction: The monsoon is generally referred to the season of rain. In India, it starts in the middle of June and continues after August. The sky remains mostly cloudy.

How rain is formed? Rain is caused by condensing water vapor in the air. The heat of the sun rays raises the temperature of the water on the earth. Thus, water starts evaporating and fills vapor in the atmosphere with. This vapor forms the clouds that give us rain.

The south-west monsoon wind causes heavy rainfall in India. Sometimes the rain is accompanied with lightning and storms.

Enjoyment: The rains provide relief from heat. Youngsters and poets enjoy the season. It is the time for indoor games, story-reading and story-telling. It is also the season for umbrellas and waterproofs. The temperature remains pleasant during the monsoon.

The monsoon is especially suitable for palatable dishes like ‘Khichuri’, a mixture of rice and pulses boiled with spices.

Importance: In India, we get rainfall for around 3-4 months. The agriculture of our country mainly depends upon water from rainfall. During this season, the ground water is replenished. The wells, lakes, ponds and reservoirs are filled with rain water. Without rain-water, these lands would turn into barren deserts.

Every year, we wait for the monsoon forecast from the weather department. Our heart gets filled with joy when we get the news of adequate monsoon.

Rain is of immense value to the cultivators. The greatest boon of the monsoon is the rich cultivation of crops. The tillers of land sow the seeds or plants as soon the rain makes the fields soft. Constant natural watering leads to their quick growth. During the period of adequate monsoon, we get good agricultural output.

But in cases of floods, the crops go under the water and are destroyed.

Problems: During monsoon season, people also face many difficulties. However, heavy down-pours choke the drains of the cities. The drainage system in our country is not adequate to drain away the rain-water completely. The ditches besides the roads start overflowing.

Water logging causes severe traffic jam in most of the cities. People are not able to move out due to water logging.

The rivers and lakes overflow their banks, and many villages are flooded. The condition of flood in slum areas badly affects the life of poor people.

Land transport and communication system is suspended in many places. In such conditions, small boats become the means of transportation at villages.

Excessive rainfall is injurious to crops. The prices of food-stuffs go up during the rainy season.

Conclusion: Like everything in life, timely monsoon is most welcome. However, excessive or inadequate rainfall leads to scarcity and famine. Adequate rainfall during the sowing seasons ensures good harvest. If it is very late, plants and trees are badly affected. The soil gets too dry and cracks up in the heat. On the other hand, if the monsoon continues for too long, it leads to various diseases. In such cases the joys of autumn are also spoiled.