Peth is a general term, in the Marathi language, for a locality in the Indian city of Pune. Up to seventeen Peths are located in central Pune, and were mostly established during Maratha and Peshwa rule in the 17th-19th century AD. Seven of them are named after the days of the week in Marathi, traders and craftsmen in a given locality mainly conducted business only on that day of the week.
Today the peths form the heart of Pune city, and are referred to as the old city, or simply city. They are considered to be the cultural heart of Pune.
Peths are named after the days of the week, but some Peths are named after their founders. Let us have a glimpse into the origin of these Peths. Pune was a very small place in ancient times. People stayed around the present Mahatama Phule Mandai and Shaniwar Wada. But as the population started to increase, the boundaries of Pune started expanding. The Eastern Pune or the portion on the other side of the river is known as the old Pune. Recently developed areas are Deccan Gymkhana, Kothrudh, Karve Nagar and Pashan. The first Peth founded was Kasba Peth.
The Eastern Pune is the original Pune, as the city is very ancient therefore it does not look very well planned. The old Pune is divided into various ‘Peths’. These Peths were urbanized in different times by different people for some definite purposes. In these Peths the old construction could be seen even now, and the glimpses of the old traditional Pune. There are different reasons for different names given to the Peths. A typical kind of atmosphere can be experienced in every Peth. People staying in a particular Peth have their own accents and life styles.
There used to be a person who was known as a ‘Mahajan’, he was authorized to establish a particular Peth. He was responsible for providing various facilities to the residents of that Peth like providing Water Supply, Shops, Bazaars, Dharam Shalas and other facilities. He used to set up temples, Market Places, shops etc., the tax from these areas was also been collected by this individual, which he used to pay the Government every year.
|List of Peths in Pune|
|Peth Name||Developed by||Established in||Named for|
|Kasba Peth||Chalukya kings||9th century||“Qasba” (Arabic: urban cluster)|
|Guruwar Peth||Shahaji||1625||Guruwar (Marathi: Thursday)|
|Somwar Peth||Dadoji Konddev||1636||Somwar (Marathi: Monday)|
|Mangalwar Peth||Dadoji Konddev||1637||Mangalwar (Marathi: Tuesday)|
|Shukrawar Peth||Nilopant Mujumdar||1670||Shukrawar (Marathi: Friday)|
|Raviwar Peth||Nilopant Mujumdar||1670||Raviwar (Marathi: Sunday)|
|Shaniwar Peth||Moropant Pingale||1675||Shaniwar (Marathi: Saturday)|
|Bhavani Peth||Sambhaji||1682||After the Bhavani temple located here.|
|Ghorpade Peth||Senapati Santaji Ghorpade||1692||After himself|
|Budhwar Peth||Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath||1703||Budhwar (Marathi: Wednesday)|
|Ganesh Peth||Sakharam Bapu Bokil||after 1748||Named for the god Ganesh|
|Sadashiv Peth||Sadashivrao Peshwa||1757||After himself|
|Narayan Peth||Narayanrao Peshwa||1770||After himself|
|Rasta Peth||Raste||1780||After himself|
|Nana Peth||Nana Phadanvis||1783||After himself|
|Ganj Peth||British administration||after 1818||After Mahatma Phule|
|(later renamed to Mahatma Phule Peth)|
|Navi Peth||British administration||after 1818||Navi (Marathi: New)|